GIRL’S EDUCATION IN IRAN
Iran was one of the first countries in Middle East who allowed women to get higher education; but since then, a lot of things have changed because of the events of 9/11. Somehow, this aspiration to educate was seen as a threat to the political power in the country.
Repression for Girls’ Education in Iran
President Ahmadinejad, who was in power from 2005 to 2013, brought new era of repression for women’s education. Before he was elected, women had more rights and freedom regarding education. President separated entrances to classes for boys and girls, social areas as well, and made a list of subjects which women were not allowed to study.
This shows that politicians are trying to bring back traditional Islamic values and keep Iranians in Iran. Their message is to keep Western values out of the country and culture. Government showed that they believe that educated women has no family values and they have no desire to reproduce and perform family duties which is the key value for Islamic culture. President’s administration based this on statistics of growing divorce rate and growing infertility rate. After this, they promoted gender-based policies through ministry of science which is responsible for leading universities in Iran.
Change in Admissions and Leadership
In 2012 news agencies reported that women are not allowed to be admitted to seventy-seven majors, thirty-six universities prevent women from entering into the most important areas, such as education, chemistry, engineering, accounting and others. They said that these majors and places in the classes are reserved for males as they are being leaders and, therefore, a priority.
President who was elected in 2013- Hassan Rouhani looked like a new hope for education system. He criticized gender-based education in the country. In his speech he stated that his administration is going to stop this discrimination between men and women education in Iran, but because there is a lot of opposition to his views, the situation in Iran now is still bad today for any woman who has dreams to become what she wants.
Majority of students, despite their gender, don’t attend universities after secondary school. Forty-two percent of women who decide to go to university and pass the entrance exams continue to higher education. Just 29 percent of males do that. Ethic minority females are very poor compared to urban ones and choose or are forced to get married at the very early age and continue with traditional family and religion values. Educated women still have no impact on economy or politics in the country and just 20-25 percent of those who graduates from universities can find jobs.
Based on gathered studies, women believe that with education they can have better lives and become more active members of society and they are using their dedication to fight for it every single day; and based on the presented numbers you can see that they are more persistent than men to reach their goals and get that university diploma!